Education and Democracy

Guidelines for authors submitting articles to Utbildning & Demokrati

Both draft and final manuscripts should be submitted to the editors by e-mail at: This is an email address 

Accepted articles must be provided with an agreement of publication, which can be downloaded from Utbildning & Demokrati’s Swedish website: If you have any questions about these guidelines, we will be happy to help. Send an email to the address above. There is no charge for authors for publication. 


Articles are published in Swedish, Norwegian, Danish and English. The general rule is that papers should be written in the language which the author has the best command of. Where they are written in languages other than Swedish, authors must themselves arrange for any checking of the language that is required. An article written in English by a non-English speaker must be accompanied by a letter
certifying that it has been professionally checked for language and style.


The journal is printed in the Sabon font, but your manuscript can be written in whatever font you normally use, provided that it is one of the more common ones. However, please do not use bold type or capitals throughout.


Three levels of heading are used in the journal, in addition to article headings:
Section heading (1)
Subhead I (2)
Subhead II (3)
Indicate what level of heading is intended by writing the appropriate level number (1, 2 or 3) in parentheses immediately after the heading. These numbers will not appear in the printed text.


Short quotations within the text should be indicated by “quotation marks”. Do not use italics – unless they appear in the original. Please use “curved” (“smart”) quotes only, not "straight" quotes.
In the journal, longer quotations, and quotations in languages other than that of the main text, are indented and set in smaller type. In your manuscript, quotations of this kind can most easily be indicated by the use of a smaller font size. If you wish, you can also indent them from the margin or use closer line spacing. Quotation marks are not to be used.


In running text, abbreviations should be avoided and the words spelt out in full. I.e., it
may be better to write “that is”, rather than its abbreviation. Where abbreviations are used (for example in references), they should – in articles in English – be written with full points (periods) where this is the normal practice (as in e.g., i.e., etc.). In Swedish, 2 Norwegian and Danish, they should be written without full points, but with spacing where appropriate (t ex, bl a , d v s, m m).


Emphasis should be indicated by italics.

Word division

Do not divide words between lines. Word divisions inserted by authors always have to be removed to avoid hy-phens in the middle of lines in the journal.


Always use an en rule (short dash) to indicate a break, interpolation or addition in the text, and between numbers, place-names and the like to indicate a period, range, route, relationship and so on. Between numbers etc., there should be no space before or after
the en rule. For example: 1887–1920.


In your manuscript, notes can be placed either at the foot of each page or at the end of the text. In the journal, we always put them at the end of the actual article, but we can do this regardless of where you have placed them.

References in the text

References should be given using the Harvard (author–date) system, which means that they should be placed within the text rather than in footnotes. Each reference should indicate the surname of the author, the year and, where relevant, a page reference. There should be no comma between surname and year, but there should be one between the year and any page number, and between references. For example:
(Liljestrand 2002, Lindblad & Sahlström 2001) (Englund 2002, p. 23).

Avoid expressions such as “ibid.” and “op. cit.”; give the author’s surname each time, or alternatively just the page number if references occur close together. In articles in
English, use p. or pp. for page numbers, as appropriate. In the other languages, use the abbreviation s, with no full point.
Book titles quoted in the text should be written in italics and, in the case of English titles, the initial letters of all the main words should be written in capitals.

Forenames (given names) of authors
If the name of an author is incorporated in the text, and only the year and page
reference (if any) are given in parentheses, the forename(s) of the author should be
included the first time the name appears. Authors’ forenames should always be given
in the list of references.

Article title

The title of your article should not be too long. If it is, it may not fit into the space available for the running head. What is more, it may be difficult (and sometimes impossible) to include the whole of the title in the table of contents. A short title, possibly with a subtitle, is best. In the case of an article written in one of the Scandinavian languages, an English translation of the title should also be submitted.

Article length

Articles should not exceed 6,000 words, which will fill some 18 pages of the journal. A manuscript of 4,000–5,000 words corresponds to around 14–16 pages in the journal (depending on the number of headings, among other things). Many of our articles are of this length, although both longer and shorter papers have also been published.

Articles exceeding 8,000 words will not be considered by the editors.


Authors should submit a short abstract in English, with a maximum length of 1,000 characters (including spaces). The abstract should end with a list of relevant keywords.

List of references

References should be listed using the system presented in Referenshantering vid Pedagogiska institutionen, copies of which are available from the editors. In principle, this system follows APA style (Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association). The main differences are that we always give authors’ forenames in full
in the reference section, and that, in articles written in the Scandinavian languages, we write references in Swedish. We thus write “red” (rather than “ed.”) to indicate editorship, even if the book concerned is in English. The year of publication should be
given in parentheses, followed by a colon. The initials of the main words of a book title in English (but not a chapter heading or article title) are to be written in capitals.

Page references should be given both for articles and for chapters of larger works.

(For example: Martin, Jane R (1995): Education for domestic tranquillity. I Wendy
Kohli, red: Critical Conversation in Philosophy of Education, s 45–55. New York: Routledge.) In articles written in English, references should follow English rules regarding indication of editorship, abbreviations and so on. (For example:
Featherstone, Mike, & Burrows, Roger (1995): Cultures of technological embodiment. An introduction. In Mike Featherstone & Roger Burrows eds: Cyberspace, Cyberbodies, Cyberpunk, pp. 1–21. London: Sage.) Where references in other languages are included, an English translation should be given in square brackets, immediately after the original title.


Any illustrations or figures should be inserted at the appropriate place in the document, and also submitted as separate files. Bear in mind that figures created in A4 format will be reduced in size.