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Research projects

What's next? The influence of (in)validating communication on pain anticipation

About this project

Project information

Project status

In progress


Martien Schrooten

Research subject

Research environments

Pain does not occur in a vacuum, but in a social context in which interpersonal interactions and communication may affect an individual's pain experience. People with pain often perceive responses by others as invalidating of their pain experience. We put forward the idea that the impact of invalidating communication may be explained by disconfirmation of expectations that patients hold about pain outcomes, whereas the impact of validating communication may be explained by reinforcement of expectations. This aim of this research project is to systematically examine the impact of disconfirmation and confirmation of pain expectations − by (in)validating and validating communication − on pain and on anticipatory responses to expected pain outcomes.

Research funding bodies

  • Örebro University