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Research projects

A comprehensive study of the legal support systems for children whose parent is in prison

About this project

Project information

Project status

In progress 2014 - 2017



Research subject

Even though the parent is a criminal, or the parent is as being prisoners in prison, it is not the responsibility of the child. In addition, some of these children, there are children who are victims of crime of abuse of a parent. These children are indeed victims who are to be protected. However, in many cases, those children whose parents are criminals, have to confront a variety of predicament and discriminated against as a family of criminals. In particular, during the several processes of criminal justice, desirable consideration should be made for those children. In spite of it, children exposed to the secondary damage in many occasions during these processes. In addition, depending on the gender of parent or child, or the type of crime, the issues might become more complex situation. Some countries have already developed a discussions and established some legal systems related to children and criminal justice, as well as the method of contact children and his/her parent in prison, or the system of how children live in prison with his/her parent. But in Japan, these issues are not treated yet. With this background, this study aims to clarify comprehensively necessary legal systems, social policies and supports for those children whose parents are criminals. In our study, we classify each process of criminal justice, such as criminal investigations, trial, execution of sentence (detention to prison, probation etc.), and after ones release. Also, our study uses an interdisciplinary research perspective approach, such as criminal law, family law, the constitutional and human rights law, social service law, social security law and psychiatry. And the gender perspective is also important element for this study.

Professor in criminal law Emi Yano at the University of the Ryukyus, Okinawa, Japan, is the leader of this three year project.


Research teams

Research funding bodies

  • Örebro University


  • Emi Yano, University of the Ryukyus, Okinawa