Anticipation and Anticipatory Systems: Humans Meet Artificial Intelligence
10-13 June 2019, Forumhuset, Örebro University
How should anticipation and anticipatory systems be conceived in order for human decisions to be respectful of pluralism in ecosystems and noosystems? What is the difference between prediction and anticipation in technosocial systems? Is there a common anticipatory feature in biological structures, cultural structures, and technological ones?
Ancient divinatory practices have been replaced by AI-enhanced predictive planning and anthrobotic decision-making. Inferential prediction might prove effective for some technological systems, but in open ecosystems and complex noosystems, we could benefit from a general anticipatory paradigm that would integrate a form of care about the future — forms of life, forms of desire, and forms of hope.
Anticipation Studies is a growing field of research still in need of unification. Anticipation is a rich concept pointing to a cluster of cognitive/emotional/cultural phenomena, in a wide range of contexts and situations. It is a promising paradigm in order to foster cross-disciplinarity and a cross-fertilization of ideas among researchers. In particular, anticipation Studies could shed a new light in current debates about the ethics and sustainability of anthrobotic systems. This conference will kickstart a research cluster studying and connecting the various aspects of anticipation and deepening our knowledge about the relationship between ecosystems, noosystems and technosystems.
Can there be a holistic science of anticipation? Will anticipation be the paradigm that will reinvent cybernetics from a more holistic perspective? We want to consider and understand anticipation at the core of living beings, individual or collective. This international single-track symposium is a step towards the exploration of the missing link that might connect disparate anticipatory behaviors and systems.
Professor Liliana Albertazzi
Senior Professor and responsible of the Experimental Phenomenology Laboratory at the University of Trento, (Italy). Projected title of her talk: “Anticipatory Structures in Vision: perception from inside out”
Professor Vanessa Andreotti
Canada Research Chair in Race, Inequalities and Global Change, University of British Columbia (Canada). Currently working on Decolonial Futures, Care and Global Justice. Projected title of her talk: “Indigenous Knowledge Systems of Anticipation”
Dr Claire Craig
Director of Science Policy at the Royal Society, Policy Fellow Alum and Associate Fellow, Center for Science and Policy, Cambridge University (UK). Foresight specialist, former government adviser. Projected title of her talk: “Stories as Anticipatory Models”
Dr Sarah Dillon
Project Lead of the AI Narratives project, Leverhulme Centre for the Future of Intelligence, investigating the representation of AI in fictional, cinematic and other cultural narratives and the effects of these on the development, reception and regulation of artificial intelligence. Projected title of her talk: “Stories as Anticipatory Models” (with Claire Craig)
Professor Keri Facer
Educational futures and digital cultures, Zennström Chair in Climate Change Leadership, Uppsala University and Professor of Educational and Social Futures, University of Bristol. Projected title of her talk: "The University as Anticipation Engine: A multi-disciplinary perspective”
Professor Malik Ghallab
Author of Automated Planning and Acting (Cambridge University Press), Computer scientist and roboticist, Director Emeritus Research Director at CNRS (France). Projected title of his talk: “The Anticipation and Impact of AI-Designed Anticipatory Systems”
Professor J. Scott Jordan
Cognitive psychology, Director of the Institute for Prospective Cognition, Chair of the Department of Psychology at Illinois State University (USA), projected title of his talk: “Wild Anticipation: On the Evolution of Meaning"
Dr Fabian Labra-Sprohnle
Neuroscientist and clinical researcher, Victoria University of Wellington (New Zealand). Leading researcher and coordinator for the project “The Dynamic Patterns of Thinking in Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder. Projected title of his talk: “Revisiting Hippocrates’ On ancient medicine to inform natural and artificial anticipation”
Professor Roberto Poli
Philosopher and sociologist, Unesco Chair in Anticipatory Systems, Principal Investigator of the International Anticipation Project, University of Trento (Italy). Projected title of his talk: “Mapping Anticipation: A Typology”
Professor Andrzej Skulimowski
Information Systems scientist, Author of “Future Prospects of Human Interaction with Artificial Autonomous Systems”, AGH University of Science and Technology, Krakow (Poland). Projected title of his talk: “Networked Anticipatory Systems”
Professor Carme Torras
Computer scientist, Research Professor at the Spanish Research Council, Head of Research (Perception and Manipulation) at the Instituto de Robotica I Informatica Industrial (Spain). Author of the science-fiction novel The Vestigial Heart (MIT Press, 2018). Projected title of her talk: “Anticipatory science fiction to foster ethical debates on AI and robotics”
Professor David Vernon
Computer scientists and roboticist, Author of Artificial Cognitive Systems (MIT Press), Professor at Carnegie Mellon University Africa (Rwanda). Projected title of his talk: “It’s a Poor Sort of Memory that Only Works Backwards”: Anticipation as the Crux of Human and Artificial Cognition”