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Niclas Strömberg

Title: Professor School/office: School of Science and Technology

Email:

Phone: +46 19 303986

Room: T2261

Niclas Strömberg
Research subject

About Niclas Strömberg

Niclas Strömberg is professor in mechanical engineering and he has many years of experience of research in computational mechanics and design optimization. Currently, much of his research concerns how to improve design optimization for additive manufacturing by using methods from machine learning and how to optimize lattice structures for additive manufacturing.

Research

Niclas Strömberg began his research career in 1993 as a doctoral student at the Institute of Technology at Linköping University, developing models and computational methods for contact problems involving friction, wear and heat generation. After his PhD in 1997, he continued this work, together with two new doctoral students, by developing models and computational methods for fretting fatigue and gear dynamics. In 2005, he was recruited to Jönköping School of Engineering to structure activities within computational mechanics and design optimization. In his role as head of research, he initiated along with five doctoral students, research within design optimization (topology optimization, metamodel-based design optimization and optimization with uncertainties) and thermomechanical simulation of residual stresses in castings, while research with contact mechanics continued with the study of thermal stresses in brake discs.

At Örebro University, Niclas Strömberg has focused his research on design optimization for additive manufacturing, in particular on improving the design optimization process by using methods from machine learning, but also on how to functional grade lattice structures by design optimization.

Teaching

Niclas Strömberg has long experience in teaching different engineering mechanics courses, both on bachelor and master level. Niclas has also given Ph.D. course within the field of engineering mechanics. At Örebro University he teaches at the on the Master of Science programme in Industrial Engineering and Management as well as on the Bachelor programme in Mechanical Engineering. He is the examinator and lecturer of the following courses:

·        MT502G Mechanics for MSc in Engineering, 7.5 credits

·        MT504G Solid mechanics for MSc in Engineering, 7.5 credits

·        MT506G Machine elements for MSc in Engineering, 7.5 credits

·        MT117G Finite element analysis, 7.5 credits

Niclas is also planning to give a new advanced course on Nonlinear Finite Element Analysis and Design optimization starting in autumn 2021.

Miscellaneous

In addition to his academic career, Niclas Strömberg has experience working as a mechanical engineer at ABB Atom, Saab, ERAB (now Dynamore) and IKEA.

Some milestones

1968 Born in Ljungby, Sweden

1997 Obtained his PhD in engineering mechanics at the Institute of Technology at Linköping University with his thesis Continuum Thermodynamics of Contact Friction and Wear

2005 Docent in engineering mechanics at the Institute of Technology at Linköping University

2010 Professor in machine design at Jönköping School of Engineering

2020 Professor in mechanical engineering at Örebro University

Research teams

Publications

Articles in journals |  Chapters in books |  Conference papers |  Licentiate theses, monographs | 

Articles in journals

Amouzgar, K. & Strömberg, N. (2017). Radial Basis Functions as Surrogate Models with A Priori Bias in Comparison with a Posteriori Bias. Structural and multidisciplinary optimization (Print), 55 (4), 1453-1469.
Strömberg, N. (2017). Reliability-based design optimization using SORM and SQP. Structural and multidisciplinary optimization (Print), 56 (3), 631-645.
Rashid, A. & Strömberg, N. (2013). Sequential simulation of thermal stresses in disc brakes for repeated braking. Proceedings of the Institution of mechanical engineers. Part J, journal of engineering tribology, 227 (8), 919-929.
Klarbring, A. & Strömberg, N. (2013). Topology optimization of hyperelastic bodies including non-zero prescribed displacements. Structural and multidisciplinary optimization (Print), 47 (1), 37-48.
Klarbring, A. & Strömberg, N. (2012). A note on the min-max formulation of stiffness optimization including non-zero prescribed displacements. Structural and multidisciplinary optimization (Print), 45 (1), 147-149.
Strömberg, N. (2011). An Eulerian approach for simulating frictional heating in disc-pad systems. European journal of mechanics. A, Solids, 30 (5), 673-683.
Hofwing, M. & Strömberg, N. (2010). D-optimality of non-regular design spaces by using a Bayesian modification and a hybrid method. Structural and multidisciplinary optimization (Print), 42 (1), 73-88.
Strömberg, N. & Klarbring, A. (2010). Topology optimization of structures in unilateral contact. Structural and multidisciplinary optimization (Print), 41 (1), 57-64.
Ireman, P. J. , Klarbring, A. & Strömberg, N. (2009). Gradient theory of damage coupled to frictional contact and wear, and its numerical treatment. CMES - Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, 52 (2), 125-158.
Gustafsson, E. , Hofwing, M. & Strömberg, N. (2009). Residual stresses in a stress lattice: experiments and finite element simulations. Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 209 (9), 4320-4328.
Gustafsson, E. & Strömberg, N. (2008). Shape optimization of castings by using successive response surface methodology. Structural and multidisciplinary optimization (Print), 35 (1), 11-28.
Strömberg, N. (2005). An implicit method for frictional contact, impact and rolling. European journal of mechanics. A, Solids, 24 (6), 1016-1029.
Lundvall, O. , Strömberg, N. & Klarbring, A. (2004). A flexible multi-body approach for frictional contact in spur gears. Journal of Sound and Vibration, 278 (3), 479-499.
Strömberg, N. (2003). A method for structural dynamic contact problems with friction and wear. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering, 58 (15), 2371-2385.
Ireman, P. , Klarbring, A. & Strömberg, N. (2003). A model of damage coupled to wear. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 40 (12), 2957-2974.
Ireman, P. , Klarbring, A. & Strömberg, N. (2002). Finite element algorithms for thermoelastic wear problems. European journal of mechanics. A, Solids, 21 (3), 423-440.
Strömberg, N. (1999). A Newton method for three-dimensional fretting problems. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 36 (14), 2075-2090.
Strömberg, N. (1999). Finite element treatment of two-dimensional thermoelastic wear problems. Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, 177 (3-4), 441-455.
Christensen, P. W. , Klarbring, A. , Pang, J. S. & Strömberg, N. (1998). Formulation and comparison of algorithms for frictional contact problems. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering, 42 (1), 145-173.
Strömberg, N. (1997). An augmented Lagrangian method for fretting problems. European journal of mechanics. A, Solids, 16 (4), 573-593.
Strömberg, N. , Johansson, L. & Klarbring, A. (1996). Derivation and analysis of a generalized standard model for contact, friction and wear. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 33 (13), 1817-1836.

Chapters in books

Strömberg, N. (2018). An Eulerian-based Thermo-Flexible Multi-Body Approach for Simulating Rig Testing of Disc Brakes. In: Luis Rodriguez-Tembleque; M.H. Ferri Aliabadi, Advances in Computational Coupling and Contact Mechanics (pp. 179-195). . World Scientific.

Conference papers

Karlsson, P. , Pejryd, L. & Strömberg, N. (2020). Generative Design Optimization and Characterization of Triple Periodic Lattice Structures in AlSi10Mg. In: Mirko Meboldt, Christoph Klahn, Industrializing Additive Manufacturing Proceedings of AMPA2020. Paper presented at 2nd International Conference on Additive Manufacturing for Products and Applications (AMPA 2020), Zürich, Switzerland, September 1-3, 2020 (pp. 3-16). Cham: Springer.
Strömberg, N. (2019). A Generative Design Optimization Approach for Additive Manufacturing. In: F. Auricchio, E. Rank, P. Steinmann, S. Kollmannsberger and S. Morganti, Second International Conference on Simulation for Additive Manufacturing. Paper presented at 2nd International Conference on Simulation for Additive Manufacturing (Sim-AM 2019), Pavie, Italy, September 11-13, 2019 (pp. 130-141). Barcelona, Spain: International Centre for Numerical Methods in Engineering (CIMNE).
Strömberg, N. (2019). Reliability-based Design Optimization by using Ensemble of Metamodels. In: Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Uncertainty Quantification in Computational Sciences and Engineering. Paper presented at 3rd International Conference on Uncertainty Quantification in Computational Sciences and Engineering (UNCECOMP 2019), Crete, Greece, June 24-26, 2019. ECCOMAS.
Strömberg, N. (2018). Automatic Postprocessing of Topology Optimization Solutions by Using Support Vector Machines. In: Proceedings of the ASME Design Engineering Technical Conference Volume 2B. Paper presented at ASME International Design Engineering Technical Conferences (IDETC) / Computers and Information in Engineering Conference (CIE), Quebec, Canada, August 26–29, 2018. American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME).
Strömberg, N. (2018). Reliability Based Design Optimization by using Metamodels. In: Helder C. Rodrigues; Jose Herskovits; Cristovao M. Mota Soares; Aurelio L. Araújo; Jose M. Guedes; J.O. Folgado; F. Moleiro; J. F. A. Madeira, EngOpt 2018 Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Engineering Optimization. Paper presented at The 6th International Conference on Engineering Optimization (EngOpt 2018), Lisbon, Portugal, September 16-19, 2018. (pp. 236-247). Springer.
Strömberg, N. (2018). Reliability-based Design Optimization by using Support Vector Machines. In: Haugen, S; Barros, A; VanGulijk, C; Kongsvik, T; Vinnem, JE, Safety and Reliability Safe Societies in a Changing World. Paper presented at 28th Annual International European Safety and Reliability Conference (ESREL), Trondheim, Norway, June 17-21, 2018. (pp. 2169-2176). CRC Press.
Strömberg, N. & Schill, M. (2017). A Layer-by-Layer Approach for Simulating Residual Stresses in AM. In: 11th European LS-DYNA Conference. Paper presented at 11th European LS-DYNA Conference, Salzburg, Austria, May 9-11, 2017..
Strömberg, N. (2017). Topology Optimization of Orthotropic Elastic Design Domains with Mortar Contact Conditions. In: Axel Schumacher; Thomas Vietor; Sierk Fiebig; Kai-Uwe Bletzinger; Kurt Maute, Advances in Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization Proceedings of the 12th World Congress of Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization (WCSMO12). Paper presented at 12th World Congress of Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization (WCSMO12), Braunschweig, Germany, June 5-9, 2017. (pp. 1427-1438). Springer.
Strömberg, N. (2016). A Virtual Test Rig for Disc Brake Systems by Adopting a Thermo-Flexible Multi-Body Approach. In: the 34th annual SAE 2016 Brake Colloquium & Exhibition, Arizona, USA, September 25-28. Paper presented at the 34th annual SAE 2016 Brake Colloquium & Exhibition, Arizona, USA, September 25-28, 2016. SAE International.
Strömberg, N. (2016). Reliability Based Design Optimization by Using a SLP Approach and Radial Basis Function Networks. In: Proceedings of the ASME Design Engineering Technical Conference and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, 2016 Vol. 2B. Paper presented at International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference (ASME 2016), Charlotte, North Carolina, USA, August 21–24, 2016 (pp. 309-318). New York, USA: ASME Press.
Strömberg, N. (2016). SORM-based RBDO by using RBFN with a Priori Bias. In: Ragnar Larsson, Proceedings of 29th Nordic Seminar on Computational Mechanics. Paper presented at The 29th Nordic Seminar on Computational Mechanics (NSCM 29), Gothenburg, Sweden, October 26-28, 2016..
Amouzgar, K. & Strömberg, N. (2014). An approach towards generating surrogate models by using RBFN with a priori bias. In: Proceedings of the ASME International Design Engineering Technical Conferences & Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, 2014, Vol. 2B. Paper presented at ASME, International Design Engineering Technical Conferences & Computers and Information in Engineering Conference IDETC/CIE, Buffalo, NY, USA, August 17-20, 2014. New York, USA: ASME Press.
Amouzgar, K. , Rashid, A. & Strömberg, N. (2013). Multi-objective optimization of a disc brake system by using SPEA2 and RBFN. In: ASME 2013 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference Volume 3B: 39th Design Automation Conference. Paper presented at ASME 2013 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences & Computers and Information in Engineering Conference (IDETC/CIE), Portland, Oregon, USA, August 4-7, 2013. New York: ASME Press.
Strömberg, N. (2013). The Influence of Sliding Friction on Optimal Topologies. In: Recent Advances in Contact Mechanics Papers Collected at the 5th Contact Mechanics International Symposium (CMIS2009). Paper presented at 5th Contact Mechanics International Symposium (CMIS2009), Chania, Greece, April 28-30, 2009 (pp. 327-336). Springer Berlin/Heidelberg.
Rashid, A. & Strömberg, N. (2013). Thermomechanical Simulation of Wear and Hot Bands in a Disc Brake by Adopting an Eulerian Approach. In: Eurobrake 2013. Paper presented at Eurobrake, Dresden, Germany, 17-19 June, 2013.
Rashid, A. & Strömberg, N. (2012). An Efficient Sequential Approach for Simulation of Thermal Stresses in Disc Brakes. In: Nordtrib 2012, 15th Nordic Symposium on Tribology, 2012. Paper presented at 15th Nordic Symposium on Tribology, NORDTRIB, Trondheim, Norway, 12-15 June, 2012.
Strömberg, N. (2012). RBDO with Non-Gaussian Variables by using a LHS- and SORM-based SLP approach and Optimal Regression Models. In: 3rd International Conference on Engineering Optimization. Paper presented at 3rd International Conference on Engineering Optimization, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, July 1-5, 2012.
Tapankov, M. & Strömberg, N. (2012). Sampling- and SORM-based RBDO of a Knuckle Component by using Optimal Regression Models. In: Proceedings of the 14th AIAA/ISSMO Multidisciplinary Analysis and Optimization Conference. Paper presented at 14th AIAA/ISSMO Multidisciplinary Analysis and Optimization Conference, Indianapolis, Indiana, USA, September 17-19, 2012. American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics.
Strömberg, N. (2012). Topology Optimization of Bodies in Unilateral Contact by Maximizing the Potential Energy. In: B.H.V. Topping, Proceedings the Eleventh International Conferenceon Computational Structures Technology. Paper presented at 11th International Conference on Computational Structures Technology (CST 2012), Dubrovnik, Croatia, September 4-7, 2012 (pp. Paper 237-. Kippen, Stirlingshire: Civil-Comp Proceedings.
Strömberg, N. (2011). Development and Implementation of an Eulerian Approach for Efficient Simulation of Frictional Heating in Sliding Contacts. In: Papadrakakis, M; Onate, E; Schrefler, B, Computational methods for coupled problems in science and engineering IV proceedings of the IV International Conference on Computational Methods for Coupled Problems in Science and Engineering. Paper presented at 4th International Conference on Computational Methods for Coupled Problems in Science and Engineering (Eccomas), Kos, Greece, June 20-22, 2011 (pp. 1136-1146). Barcelona: International Center for Numerical Methods in Engineering (CIMNE).
Hofwing, M. , Strömberg, N. & Tapankov, M. (2011). Optimal polynomial regression models by using a genetic algorithm. In: Yiannis Tsompanakis; B.H.V. Topping, Proceedings of the second International Conference on Soft Computing Technology in Civil, Structural and Environmental Engineering. Paper presented at 2nd International Conference on Soft Computing Technology in Civil, Structural and Environmental Engineering (CSC 2011), Chania, Crete, Greece, September 6-9, 2011. Kippen, Scotland: Civil-Comp Proceedings.
Strömberg, N. (2010). An Efficient Tradeoff Approach for Topology Optimization with Manufacturing Constraints. In: Proceedings of the ASME International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference Volume 1: 36th Design Automation Conference, Parts A and B. Paper presented at ASME Internationl Design Engineering Technical Conferences / Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, August 15-18, 2010 (pp. 1171-1179). ASME Press.
Hofwing, M. & Strömberg, N. (2010). Robustness of residual stresses in castings and an improved process window. In: Proceedings of the ASME International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference 2009 Volume 5, Issue PART B. Paper presented at 35th Design Automation Conference, San Diego, USA, August 30 - September 2, 2009 (pp. 1081-1091). New York, N.Y.: ASME Press.
Strömberg, N. (2010). Topology Optimization of Non-linear Elastic Structures by using SLP. In: Proceedings of the ASME International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference 2009 Volume 5: 35th Design Automation Conference, Parts A and B. Paper presented at ASME International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, San Diego, USA, August 30-September 2, 2009 (pp. 1261-1265). ASME Press.
Strömberg, N. (2010). Topology Optimization of Two Linear Elastic Bodies in Unilateral Contact. In: Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Engineering Optimization. Paper presented at 2nd International Conference on Engineering Optimization, Lisbon, Portugal, September 6-9, 2010.
Hofwing, M. & Strömberg, N. (2009). D-optimality of non-regular design spaces by using a Genetic Algorithm. In: Proceedings of the 8th World Congress on Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization. Paper presented at 8th World Congress on Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization, Lisboa, Portugal, June 1-5, 2009. International Society for Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization.
Strömberg, N. & Klarbring, A. (2009). Topology optimization of Structures with Contact Constraints by using a Smooth Formulation and a Neested Approach. In: Proceedings of the 8th World Congress on Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization. Paper presented at 8th World Congress on Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization, Lisbon, Portugal, June 1-5, 2009. International Society for Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization.
Strömberg, N. & Klarbring, A. (2008). Minimization of Compliance of a Linear Elastic Structure with Contact Constraints by using Sequential Linear Programming and Newton's method. In: Proceedings of the 7th International ASMO-UK/ISSMO International Conference on Engineering Design Optimization. Paper presented at 7th International ASMO-UK/ISSMO International Conference on Engineering Design Optimization, Bath, UK, July 7-8, 2008 (pp. 379-386).
Hofwing, M. & Strömberg, N. (2008). Simulation of residual stresses in stamping dies. In: Nader Asnafi, Proceedings of the IDDRG 2008 Conference Best in class stamping, 16-18 June 2008, Olofström, Sweden. Paper presented at IDDRG 2008 Conference, Olofström, Sweden, June 16-18, 2008 (pp. 765-776). Olofström: Industriellt utvecklingscentrum i Olofström AB.
Strömberg, N. (2008). What is the optimal shape of a snap ring?. In: Proceedings of the ASME International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference (DETC2007) Volume 5: 6th International Conference on Multibody Systems, Nonlinear Dynamics, and Control, Part A. Paper presented at ASME International Design Engineering Technical Conferences/Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, Las Vegas, USA, September 4-7, 2007 (pp. 407-412). New York: American Society of Mechanical Engineers.
Gustafsson, E. , Hofwing, M. & Strömberg, N. (2007). Simulation and Measurement of Residual Stresses in a Stress Lattice. In: Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Simulation and Modelling of Metallurgical Processes in Steelmaking. Paper presented at 2nd International Conference on Simulation and Modelling of Metallurgical Processes in Steelmaking, Graz/Seggau, Austria, September 12-14, 2007 (pp. 285-290). Leoben: ASMET.
Gustafsson, E. & Strömberg, N. (2007). Successive Response Surface Methodology by using Neural Networks. In: Proceedings of the 7th World Congress on Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization. Paper presented at 7th World Congress on Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization (WCSMO-7), Seoul, Korea, May 21-25, 2007. Seoul: WCSMO-7 Official Agency.
Strömberg, N. (2006). Frictional Contact/Impact between a Hyperelastic Body and Moving Rigid Obstacles. In: C. A. Motasoares, J. A. C. Martins, H. C. Rodrigues, Jorge A. C. Ambrósio, C. A. B. Pin, III European Conference on Computational Mechanics Solids, Structures and Coupled Problems in Engineering: Book of Abstracts. Paper presented at 3rd European Conference on Computational Mechanics, Lisbon, Portugal, June 5-8, 2006 (pp. 339-339). Springer.
Strömberg, N. & Massana, J. F. (2005). A soft contact formulation for modelling thin coatings. In: J.T.M. De Hosson, C.A. Brebbia, S.-I. Nishida, Computer methods and experimental measurements for surface effects and contact mechanics VII. Paper presented at Seventh International Conference on Computer Methods and Experimental Measurements for Surface Effects and Contact Mechanics, Bologna, Italy, September 5-7, 2005 (pp. 211-218). Southampton: WIT Press.
Strömberg, N. (2005). Contact, impact and rolling of a nonlinear elastic body on rigid foundations. In: Multibody Dynamics 2005 ECCOMAS Thematic Conference. Paper presented at II International Conference on Advances in Computational Multibody Dynamics, Madrid, Spain, June 21-24, 2005.
Strömberg, N. (2005). Simulation of Rotary Draw Bending using Abaqus and a Neural Network. In: Proceedings of Nafems Nordic Conference on Component and System Analysis using Numerical Simulation Techniques - FEA, CFD, MBS. Paper presented at Nafems Nordic Conference on Component and System Analysis using Numerical Simulation Techniques, Gothenburg, Sweden, November 24-25, 2005.
Gustafsson, E. & Strömberg, N. (2005). Structural optimization of castings by using ABAQUS and Matlab. In: Jack Samuelsson; Gary Marquis; Jussi Solin, Competent Design by Castings Improvements in a Nordic Project. Paper presented at Seminar on Competent Design by Castings (GJUTDESIGN -2005), Espoo, Finland, June 13-14, 2005 (pp. 39-52). Espoo, Finland: VTT.
Gustafsson, E. & Strömberg, N. (2005). Structural optimization of castings by using Abaqus and Matlab. In: Proceedings of the Abaqus World Users' Conference. Paper presented at Abaqus World Users' Conference, Stockholm, Sweden, May 18-20, 2005.
Strömberg, N. (2003). TriLab: a tool for simulating tribological systems. In: Proceedings of the 9th International Power Transmission and Gearing Conference. Paper presented at 2003 ASME Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, Chicago, Illinois, USA, September 2-6, 2003 (pp. 1051-1056). New York: American Society of Mechanical Engineers.
Strömberg, N. (2003). TriLab: a toolbox for tribological systems. In: Proceedings from the Nordic MATLAB Conference 2003, Copenhagen, Denmark. Paper presented at Nordic MATLAB Conference, Copenhagen, Denmark, October 21-22, 2003.
Ireman, P. , Klarbring, A. & Strömberg, N. (2002). Algorithms for thermoelastic wear problems. In: J.A.C. Martins and Manuel D.P. Monteiro Marques, Contact mechanics proceedings of the 3rd Contact Mechanics International Symposiuum. Paper presented at 3rd Contact Mechanics International Symposium, Praia da Consolação, Peniche, Portugal, June 17-21, 2001 (pp. 363-370). Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic.
Strömberg, N. (2000). Finite element treatment of tribological problems. In: Ardéshir Guran, Proceedings of the First International Symposium on Impact and Friction of Solids, Structures and Machines. Paper presented at 1st International Symposium on Impact and Friction of Solids, Structures and Intelligent Machines (ISIFSM98), Ottawa, Canada, June 27-30, 1998 (pp. 277-280). Singapore: World Scientific.
Strömberg, N. (1998). Finite element treatment of thermoelastic wear problems. In: G.M.L. Gladwell, F. Pfeiffer, IUTAM Symposium on Unilateral Multibody Contacts Proceedings of the IUTAM Symposium held in Munich, Germany, August 3-7, 1998. Paper presented at IUTAM Symposium on Unilateral Multibody Contacts, Munich, Germany, August 3-7, 1998 (pp. 265-274). Springer.
Strömberg, N. , Johansson, L. & Klarbring, A. (1995). A generalized standard model for contact, friction and wear. In: Contact Mechanics Proceedings of the 2nd Contact Mechanics International Symposium. Paper presented at 2nd Contact Mechanics International Symposium, Carry le Rouet, France, September 19-23, 1994 (pp. 327-334). New York: Plenum Press.

Licentiate theses, monographs

Strömberg, N. (1995). Continuum Thermodynamics of Contact Friction and Wear. Lic. Linköping: University.