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Research projects

Sex and Pain (SAP)

About this project

Project information

Project status



Steven J. Linton

Research subject

Research environments

The aim of the project was to focus on young women, between 18 and 35 years old, with and without pelvic pain, in order to enhance the understanding of pelvic pain and the development of problems over time. The project focused on psychological and relational factors such as avoidance, endurance, fear of pain, catastrophizing, sensualism and emotional health. The study used a longitudinal design with three measurement points.


Flink, I. K., Engman, L., Ter Kuile, M. M., Thomtén, J., & Linton, S. J. (2017). Coping with pain in intimate situations: Applying the avoidance-endurance model to women with vulvovaginal pain. Scandinavian Journal of Pain, 17(1), 302–308.

Flink, I. K., Engman, L., Thomtén, J., & Linton, S. J. (2017). The role of catastrophizing in vulvovaginal pain: Impact on pain and partner responses over time. Journal of Applied Biobehavioral Research, 22(1), e12093–n/a.

Flink, I. K., Thomtén, J., Engman, L., Hedström, S., & Linton, S. J. (2015). Coping with painful sex: Development and initial validation of the CHAMP Sexual Pain Coping Scale. Scandinavian Journal of Pain, 9(1), 74–80.

Ekdahl, J., Flink, I., Engman, L., & Linton, S. J. (2018). Vulvovaginal Pain from a Fear-Avoidance Perspective: A Prospective Study Among Female University Students in Sweden. International Journal of Sexual Health, 30(1), 49–59.


Research funding bodies

  • Örebro University